Sunday, 17 September 2017

Central bank employees depositing notes after closure will be scrutinized

The Central Vigilance Agency (CVC) chief KV Chaudhary said that the Central Government employees, who have collected notes of thousands and 500 issued after the ban, will be investigated against them. The CVC has sought data from the income tax department in this regard.


Vigilance Commission chairman Chaudhary said in an interview on Sunday that in general, the commission has stressed on investigating Group A and Group B officers. This matter will be sent to the Chief Vigilance Officer for action against the excess amount of income. He told that the facts and information have already been sought from the CBDT. Now after this, more accurate information will be available. After which the action will definitely take place. CBDT (Central Board of Direct Taxes) is the highest policy-making body for the Income Tax Department.

 Chaudhary said that he has talked to the income tax authorities about this matter. Given the large number of cash deposits in the country, arrangements for checking various cash transactions have been discussed. They told that they still need more information and statistics. For this, he has taken the help of CBDT. How can he know if the amount deposited on behalf of an employee matches his income? Therefore, regardless of whether there is an employee or not, the accounting of each income is prepared without regard. The CVC is now expecting more specific data from the CBDT. There have been many rounds of conversations in this regard.

He said that CBDT has given several important suggestions while cooperating. The Income Tax Department has suggested to take CVC data in this form so that prompt action can be taken. Therefore, the exercise which the CBDT has engaged in involves making new programming, determining their validity, and giving accurate and accurate results.


Saturday, 16 September 2017

Things you may want to know about Ram Rahim

Gurmeet Ram Rahim Singh Inan, a spiritual organization based in Sirsa, Haryana, was the head of Dera Sacha Sauda. The Dera Sacha Sauda was founded in 1948 by Shah Mastana Ji. Gurmeet is the third head of this organization. During his tenure, there was unprecedented propaganda of Dera and its number of followers increased manifold. 

Many positive works were done in the Dera Sacha Sauda under the leadership of Gurmeet Ram Rahim Singh, new experiments were carried out, while they remained in disputes always. The culmination of the disputes culminated in the conviction by the court in a sexual assault case on August 25, 2017. In this case, Ram Rahim was given a 20-year rigorous imprisonment and a fine of 65 lakh rupees.

Early life
Gurmeet is the native Punjabi Jat of Ram Rahim Singh Sidhu. According to Gurmeet Ram Rahim Singh himself, he was born on August 15, 1967, in the village of Gurusar, Modia village, near Mata Naseeb Kaur and father Maoghar Singh. This family was a devotee of Dera Sacha Sauda.


Spiritual Leaders

Shah Satnam Ji, the second head of the Dera, declared Gurmeet Singh as his successor. Ram Rahim, commanding the true deal of Sirsa's dera, took over in the 90's. After assuming the throne, they started giving satsang, discourse, etc. according to tradition. Under his leadership, the number of devotees of the dera increased greatly. These societies were generally socially active on the basis of personal spirituality. Various types of positive social work were done by them.
In order to give a message of secularism, they included names of all religions in their name and changed their name from Gurmeet Singh to Gurmeet Ram Rahim Singh.
• Called for the termination of caste system and inspiring the devotees to name the name of Insaan by removing the caste names.
• Adopted many prostitutes by giving status of their daughters and inviting followers to live in their home.
• Campaign against girl child embryo kill. Encouraged the followers that if there are more than one son, then ask the other son to serve the mother and father of the girl as a house-girl.
• Many records of collective blood donation campaign etc. were established.
• A group of trained followers named as Shah Satnam Ji Green Welfare Force were formed for disaster management.
• Extensive cleaning campaign launched. Through this, thousands of Dera lovers have carried out many campaigns of cleansing the whole city in one day.

• Campaign against drug addiction.
• Exercise the adoption of organic farming except chemical farming.
• Started creating many products by the name of MSG, which enabled many people to get employment.
• Made films for the message to modern generations and also singing in the modern style.
Films and singing [edit]
Ram Rahim's first music album came in 2014 under the name 'Highway Love Charger'. Gurmeet Ram Rahim Singh entered the films in 2015 also produced 5 films.

Controversy
• New experiments such as making movies and singing in modern style, concert etc.  are among the victims of criticism by the general public in addition to followers.
• They are interfering in politics. The tradition of encouraging followers to vote for a particular person has always been in disputes. His son-in-law was also a legislator.
• In 2002, allegations of sexual exploitation of Sadhis took place.
• In 2002, allegations of murder of Ram Chandra Chattrapati, a local journalist who published the news of sexual abuse, also involved allegations.
• There were allegations of forced sterilization of sadhus in the camp and cases were registered.
• At an event, their attitudes were treated as a copy of Guru Gobind Singh by Sikh organizations which hurt their feelings. Dera chief apologized after a long dispute.

Guilty in sexual abuse case

On August 25, 2017, the special CBI (Panchkula Bureau) Court convicted Dera chief Gurmeet Ram Rahim Rap (Rape) case. The decision on conviction came on August 28, 2017.  Sentenced to jail and Rs 30 lakh penalty The special court of the CBI gave the 20-year jail term for Dera Sacha Sauda chief Gurmeet Ram Rahim Singh against two rape cases. 

Friday, 15 September 2017

Etiquette, the ethics of life

                                                                                                       
 I wonder, where have those etiquette columns gone, which almost all newspapers in the past used to carry. Instead of those etiquette columns of yore, agony aunts grace all magazines and broadsheets. I have no gripe against agony aunties but I'm of the opinion that there must be at least a monthly column about social etiquette and frequent occurrence of faux pas and gaffes in all magazines and newspapers.


 The French adage that 'Etiquette is one's ticket to the auditorium of life' is an apt compliment to the great importance of etiquette or social grace, in the modern context. Etiquette is not just saying hi, hello, thanks and sorry with monotonous continuity. It's beyond all these mere words of perfunctoriness. And today it has a much bigger ambit as it also encompasses net and cellphone etiquette, something that is lacking in most of us. Man is a social animal and he has to live in a society.

 So long as we live amidst people of all hues, we must be careful not just about our appearance but also of our attitude, demeanour and behaviour towards them. Long ago, a reader asked an etiquette expert in The Reader's Digest  that he was good looking with a great sense of humour and struck conversations with people, even strangers, in no time.


Yet, people seemed to avoid him after a period. The expert opined that people didn't like those who tried to hog the limelight, spoke incessantly and were too assertive. This a great lesson in social etiquette. A person shouldn't try too consciously to leave his/her impression on the people in the very first meeting. As I have stated, etiquette is not just being able to speak well and act in an anglicised manner. Etiquette is the sum total of a person's personality, precisely his/ her persona.

It's not etiquette to talk only in English despite having the knowledge of Hindi in a get-together where the common language is Hindi. On this count, one can learn something from a megastar, who's still acting. You question him in Hindi and he'll answer in impeccable Hindi unlike other actors, who act in Hindi films but converse in put-on English. Here, this iconic actor's considerate behaviour is his etiquette. It's his humility. And what's etiquette, if not humbleness?  In this age of gender equality, one will certainly not call chivalry to be etiquette. It's too theatrical and pompous. But to be nice (not extra nice) to women is indeed etiquette.


It's against etiquette trying to be on back-slapping terms with a woman, however close she may be. A former super cop will vouch for that after his deliberate faux pas when he patted his female counterpart's ample derriere in an inebriated state. Who should you address by name and who you shouldn't is etiquette. Nowadays, anyone calls anyone by his/her name. We call it modern etiquette. Balderdash!! Someone said, 'Austra- Americans and today's call-centre as well as corporate professionals call people by name, but the true blue refined people steeped in social etiquette, see to it who is older and who is younger before calling a person'.

A senior person must never be addressed by his/her name. This is flippancy and against all norms of acceptable good behaviour and etiquette. Mr/Mrs are the most dignified universal honorifics that must be used while addressing a person older than you by a decade or more. To avoid addressing any known or unknown person 'uncle/aunt' is also counted among good manners. This shows one's maturity and sagacious avoidance of cloying familiarity. Because too much familiarity often breeds contempt (and also children!!). Readers perhaps know, why Urdu-Persian culture puts so much accent on, aap and shuma (Persain for aap)? Because so long as you call someone using 'aap', you maintain decorum, etiquette and don't allow unnecessary closeness or familiarity.

Refined language is integral to the cultural etiquette of Urdu and Persian speaking people. Interestingly, etiquette and ethics have similar etymological roots and semantic ethos. So it's not wide off the mark to call 'etiquette, the ethics of life'. And if you have read this article till the end despite not liking it very much is also etiquette!!          


Thursday, 14 September 2017

Insurance: Its Types and Benefits

Today, insurance is one of the most talked-about topics worldwide. Those who have basic knowledge of it, want to know more in detail and those who just hear about it, want to get familiar with this term. Insurance is indeed an arrangement in which an insurance company promises to pay compensation to the insured in the event of any damage, accident or demise. Given the risk, uncertainty and danger that involve in our day-to-day life, getting insurance cover is almost a must.

Types of Insurance and its Benefits
In insurance, different policies have different benefits. Given below are insurance types along with the advantages associated with these:

Ø Life Insurance: This is arguably the most popular insurance policy. In this policy, the insured pay a fixed amount monthy, quarterly, half-yearly or yearly to the insured company. When the policy gets matured, the insured gets return as promised. If any casualty to the person insured happens, the insurance company pays the amount of compensation to his/her legal heir. It is important to note here that the policy that pays high in case of death or deformity, returns less on the maturity of the policy.

Ø Personal Accident Insurance: As the name of the policy clearly suggests, this policy takes care of hospital bills in case the insured gets admitted in hospital after meeting with an accident or heavy compensation in case of death.

Ø Medical Insurance: This insurance policy, true to its name, pertains to the expenses related to medicines, hospital bills and operation expenses if the need arises. The insured person gets compensation for any or all these expenses as per the requirements.


Ø Vehicle Insurance: If you owe a car, motor cycle or any vehicle then vehicle insurance plan or vehicle insurance is for you. This type of insurance policy proves to be helpful in the accident or theft of your vehicle.

It is very important to take this policy because vehicle happens to be one of the most valuable things in our belongings. Even if any minor mishap occurs, you may have to pay heavy for getting your vehicle in the condition it was before the accident. If your vehicle is insured, you can throw the concerns related to these types of expenses to the wind.

Ø Home Insurance: In the home insurance plan, the insurance is done in accordance with the goods and structures of the building. In this insurance, company carries out the expenses of both home and its goods. This insurance works in the wake of collapse of the house, theft of goods, burning or any such mishaps which cause heavy destruction to the home and its belongings.

Ø Travel Insurance: If you are a travel enthusiast, then this insurance is exclusively for you. You can seek insurance cover for yourself (if you travel alone) or for your entire travelling family members. This insurance policy takes care of any damage, destruction or loss arising out in the course of journey.


Ø Crop Insurance: This is the best insurance policy, if you happen to be a farmer. It is said that the farmers have to face the vagaries of the nature and if the rain is not adequate in any given year, your whole planning for the entire year, may get disturbed. This insurance will protect you against the crop damage arising out due to less amount of rain or any such unforeseen circumstances.


Ø  Other insurance plan: In this heading, there are mainly three types of insurance:

·       Pet Insurance
·       Political Risk Insurance
·       Marriage Insurance


                                                                     ---Ashish Jha

Buddha's seven laws of corporate wisdom

Once Buddha was strolling in his monastery, he saw coconut shells scattered here and there. The ever-loving and non-complaining Buddha collected those used coconut shells and was about to pack them into a shack to throw away. Suddenly four of his dear disciples came and profusely apologised to him. They requested to give them the shack so that they could throw it away. One of the disciples was Atish Dipankar, who was later sent to South East Asia to spread Buddha's message of non-violence and who founded ZEN Buddhism in Japan.


Buddha kept smiling as was his wont. One of the disciples said, 'We were about to collect the shells but procrastinated (delayed)', other one said, ' We thought that there should be more shells so that we could throw them away in one go.' In this way, they were giving lame excuses and alibis.

Buddha said, 'You gave your excuses and ultimately who collected the useless shells?' 

The disciples said nothing.

Then Buddha gave them 7 points and those points are now the backbones and veins of human life and corporate excellence:

1. Never wait for others to do things that you can do on your own.
2. Never wait for the next moment for doing something. Do it at once. As Jean Paul Sartre said, 'The moment you exist in, is the moment that exists for you.'
3. Shelve your useless ego and feel elated to do anything because no work is small or insignificant
4. Stop blaming others. In modern parlance, don't pass the buck.
5. Be aware of your ambiance.

6. Be quick to act. This gave birth to the concept of PRO-ACTIVISM in organizational set-up after 2600 years. Buddha existed before BCE (Before Common Era).
7. Use all your five senses in an integrated manner. You'll not make a mistake.

If we imply and apply these Buddhistic laws of wisdom in our day-to-day life and also in our organizations, things will start getting better right from the word 'go'.

And this is the kernel of Kaizen, the ever-evolving search for the very best.


Developmental Stages

                                                      Developmental stages
The process of child development continues through life, even then psychologists have tried to divide children's stages as follows:
(A) According to Ross: -
(1) Infancy for 1 to 3 years
(2) Pre-childhood 3 to 6 years
(3) Answer: Childhood 6 to 12 years
(4) Adolescence from 12 to 18 years

(B) According to Jones: -
(1) From infancy to age 5 years
(2) Childhood 5 years to 12 years of age
(3) Teen age 12 years to 18 years of age


(C) According to Haralok: -
(1) pregnancy from birth to birth
(2) Newborn stage from birth to 14 days
(3) From infancy 14 days to 2 years of age
(4) Childhood from 2 years to 11 years of age
(5) Teen age 11 years to 21 years of age

(D) General classification: - Now most of the scholars consider the general classification as follows: -

(1) From infancy to age 6 years
(2) Childhood 6 years to 12 years of age
(3) Teen age 12 years to 18 years of age
            
Stages of development: Human development passes through different stages; They can be divided into the following stages:
Pregnancy: This stage is assumed from conception to the point of birth, 9 months or 280 days -
Infant condition: After the birth of Balaka, the state of childhood is called. This condition is considered to be 5-6 years old. The spread of this condition is spread to two years from birth. Physical response of the child such as hunger, absence of excess heat, vibrations of more cold, sensation of pain and depression arises in the child towards glow and noise. Focusing on child objects in the 2 month age Seems to be In the next 4 months, it is possible to catch the objects and to express the speed of the momentum. The condition of birth from fifth to fifth year is called infancy. This condition is also called the state of adjusting. This is the state when the child comes in helpless situations with many basic tendencies, needs and powers in this world, depending on others.

Features

Infant is physically and mentally immature
The speed of development is intense in this stage.
The composition and shapes of all the organs of the body are formed.
The changes that occur in this condition are primarily physical.
In this stage the child is immature and he is completely dependent on others.
This state is momentarily momentous and almost all major moments such as happiness, anger, joy, love, hatred, etc. develop within the children.
Freud called this stage the child's time of production. He believed that 'whatever the human being has to make, it is made in the first five years.
Crow and Crowe called the "century of the twentieth century" of the twentieth century.

Adler wrote, "Only a few months after the birth of a child can it be determined that what is his place in life"
Strang wrote that "in the first two years of life, the child makes the foundation of his life life"

Childhood: Childhood comes after infancy, which is known as childhood for a period of 6 to 12 years. It is also called pre-teens. It is said to be the golden time of human life. Freud believes that Balaka's development takes place till the age of 5. Boyer, Jones and Simpson have written, "Childhood is a state in which the basic view of the person, value and Ideals build up to a great extent ". Coal and bus have called childhood a unique period of life. This condition is important from the point of view of physical and mental development.

Features:
Children have a very curious tendency, they have strong desire to know.
Children develop a tendency to ask questions.
The greatest development of socialism is
At this stage children have strong desire to make friends
'Gregariousness' is developed in children
The educators have called this state the age of elementary school.
While psychologists have called this period 'age of group'
This period has been given the term of dirty age and agility, mis-maturity
There is stability in physical and mental development in this period.
The tendency of excursion, the interest in creative work, the tendency of simulating, the increase in mental abilities, the tendency of accumulation, the self-reliance, the strength of the collective tendency, the extroverted personality, the special interest in the collective games, the latent short tendency, the relation, the relation with the real world, etc. Attributes happen in this period.

Physical development in childhood


Weight- The burden of the child at birth is between 5 to 8 pounds, in this stage, by the end of 12 years, the load of the child is between 80 to 95 pounds, often the weight of the girls is high.
Height - The length of the baby at birth is up to 20 inches; Studies have shown that the height of 2-3 inches increases per year.
Teeth- At the age of 6, the teeth of milk start falling and new teeth come out in their place.

General health - Dynamics due to agility and vitality in this state

Wednesday, 13 September 2017

Concept of Education: Indian and World Views

Education is a never ending process. It starts with the birth of an individual and then goes on till his last day. Education makes a person a real human being. It is the very basis that alienates a duffer from learned. Today, it is regarded as an essential human virtue. It equips an individual with social, moral, cultural and spiritual aspects and thus makes life progressive, cultured and  civilized. As P.O. Banerjee rightly pointed, “it is the development of the power of adaptation to an ever changing social environment.”

Concept of Education: Indian Views
1.    According to Rig Veda, “Education is something which makes a man self-reliant and selfless.

2.    According to Upanishads, “Education is that whose end product is salvation”.


3.    The well-known Indian economist Kautilya says, “Education means training for the country and for the nation”.

4.    The Indian philosopher Shankaracharya considers education as “the realization of self”.


5.    Swami Vivekanand considers education as “the manifestation of divine perfection existing in man”.

6.    According to Vedantic viewpoint, “the essence of man is spirituality. We need an education that quickens, that kindles the urge of spirituality inherent in every mind”.



7.    According to Mahatma Gandhi, “By education I mean an all-round drawing out of the best in child and  man-body, mind and spirit”.

8.    Guru Nanak said, “Education is self-realization and service of the people”.


9.    Aurobindo Ghosh puts forth his views on education as, “Helping the growing soul to draw out that is in itself”.

10.                       Rabindra Nath Tagore says, “Education means enabling the mind to find out that ultimate truth which emancipates us from the bondage of the dust and gives us the wealth; not of things but of inner light, not of power but of love, making this truth its own and gives expression to.”
11.                       According to Swami Dayanand, “Education is a means for character formation and righteous living”.

12.                       In the words of Jakir Hussain, “Education is the process of the individual mind” getting to its full possible development. It is a long school which lasts a lifetime.



13.                       In the words of University Education Commission Report, “Education to the Indian traditions, is not merely a means of earning a living; nor it is only a nursery of thought or a school for citizenship. It is initiation into the life of spirit, a training of human soul in the pursuit of truth and the practice of virtue. It is a second birth.

Concept of Education: The World Views
The concept of education as given by a few popular Western thinkers is given below:
1.    Plato’s view: “Education is the capacity to feel pleasure and pain at the right moment. It develops in the body and in the soul of the pupil all the beauty and all the perfection of which he is capable of”.

2.    According to Aristotle, ”Education is the creation of a sound mind in a sound body..It develops man’s faculty, especially his mind, so that he may be able to enjoy the contemplation of supreme truth, goodness and beauty in which perfect happiness essentially exists”.



3.    Socrates said, “Education means the bringing out of the ideas of universal validity which are latent in the minds of every man”.

4.    In the words of Comenfus, “All who are born as human beings, need education because they are destined to be real men, not wild beasts, dull animals and clumps of wood”.
5.    According to Benazir Bhutto, “Education is like polio drop. You cannot get its benefit almost instantly”.

6.    Thompson said, “Education is the influence of environment on the individual with the view to producing a permanent change in his habits of behavior, of thought and of attitude”.



7.    Nelson Mandela said, “ Education is the most important weapon which you can use to change the world”.

8.    According to Kofi Annan, “Knowledge is power, information is liberating. Education is the premise of progress, in every society, in every family.”