Saturday, 20 January 2018

7 Hints and Solutions for Phone Hacking

There are many important and personal information related to you in your pocket mobile phone.

From photos of friends to important office numbers or bank accounts details. In today's era of mobile, there is a rocket lying in your pocket.
Now, if you find out that your phone has been hacked? Your answer will be that you will like to resolve it at the earliest possible time.
But, if your phone is hacked and you do not know, then?

We tell you 7 such occasions here, when one might possibly think that your phone has been hacked---whether it is human brain or technique.

7 Hints and Solutions for Phone Hacking

1. Phone Speed
If your phone is running less than normal, then this could be due to a virus or a kind of multilingual program. Malicius is a program that can damage the performance of the phone and the users.
Such viruses directly affect your phone's speed and performance. But keep in mind that this can also happen due to regular updating of the phone's operating system.
Apple recently recognized the issue of reducing the speed of the old version of the iPhone.
2. Hotness of the phone
You might have noticed that often your phone gets very hot.
American Intel Technology Expert explains the reason for this, "It is possible that a bride is running in the application background in your phone."
One reason for the phone's heating can also not be to close those apps properly.

3. Battery Life
The consistent heating of the phone falls on the battery.
Because of this, the battery is less than its age. But what is important here is System Update.
According to the Mobile Zone website, if updates are really new or effective then do not hesitate to do so.
4. Unknown Message
On some occasions, your friends get the information about the phone being hacked.
Perhaps you have noticed that many times you have messages from an unknown number or you go away from your phone.
In such a situation, your friends and family get these messages via SMS or Whatsapp. However these messages will not be sent to you.
So the next time one of your friends says that the message has sent the message and if you have not sent that message then it can be considered as a handiwork  of the hackers.
In such a situation, just trust one button, that is delete.
Such attacks also reach you by way of e-mail. In such a case, the first advice is to stop it from a firecracker and do not click on any such link which is more appealing.
These viruses also enter the mobile by applying a phone to different systems.
5. Opening a window

There are times when viruses appear suddenly in your phone. Sometimes these are in the form of an advertisement, sometimes they take you to a new window or tab.
In computer language it is called pop-ups.
Says Cyber Security Expert Joseph Steinberg: "Like new computers are opened in the computer because of the Internet, these tabs open in the same phone. They just need to stay away while being careful. "

6. New App

Where do you download the app from your phone and what are these apps, it matters a lot.
On many occasions, your internet pack will end soon because these apps are pulling much internet data.
Stinberg says, "It is very important to keep the phone up-to-date. But it is important to trust the company or service provider who builds the application. If not, then you should stay away from fake applications. "
It is advisable that whatever phone app you are trying to download, search the Internet for the first time. Trust only, then download the app.
Otherwise it can be that hackers use your internet through these apps. That is why the money associated with money on the phone should be thoughtfully done.
Image Copywriting PA
7. Background sound
Often weird voices start working on the Internet.
Or unwanted and unusual things appear on these web pages. This can also happen because a hacker sitting away somewhere is controlling your device.
The result is that your phone starts working wonderfully.
The most frightening thing is that if you are talking to someone on the phone and there is a strange sound coming from behind, then it is possible that someone is recording it.
During this time if the beep or similar voices are coming in continuously, the chances of having a call record are highest.
Image Copyrights Anywhere SIM
What is the solution to these troubles?
Put an dependent company in an anti-virus phone.
Delete apps that you have not installed
Do not call phones everywhere for the free Wi-Fi round.
Keep a phone password that no one can guess
Do not forget to click on pop-ups.
Keep the device updated, but be careful.
Keep an eye on how much Internet data is being spent.

Osho Biography

The death of Osho completes 28 years. In 1990, he left the world on the same day. On this occasion, we have tried to illuminate his legacy, the untimely aspects of his life.
1. Osho's Early Life
He was born on December 11, 1931 in Kuchwara, Madhya Pradesh. His name was Chandramohan Jain at birth. From childhood, he became interested in philosophy.This is what he wrote in his book 'Glimpses of My Golden Childhood'.
He completed his studies in Jabalpur and later he started working as a lecturer at Jabalpur University.
He started preaching on different religions and ideology throughout the country and started to organize meditation camps with discourse. Initially he was known as Acharya Rajneesh.
After leaving the job, he started the Navsana movement. After this he started calling himself Osho.
2. Travel to America
From 1981 to 1985, he moved to America. He established the ashram in the US province Oregon. The ashram was spread over 65 thousand acres.
Osho's journey to America was very controversial. Due to expensive clocks, Rolls Royce cars, designer clothes, he would always attract attention and became a great topic for discussion.
Osho's disciples in Oregon wanted to register their ashram as a city named Rajneeshpuram but the locals protested against it.
After 1985 he returned to India.
3. Osho's death
After returning to India, he returned to his ashram located in Koregaon Park area of Pune. He died on January 19, 1990.
After his death, the control of the Pune Ashram took went to Osho's disciples. The property of the ashram is believed to be crores of rupees and there is a dispute among his disciples.
Osho's disciple Yogesh Thakkar told BBC Marathi, "Osho's literature should be available to everyone, so I have challenged his Will in the Bombay High Court."
Dr. Gokul Gokani, who issued the death certificates of Osho, remained silent for a long time after his death. But later he broke his silence and said that people procured death certificate by him after giving false information.
Now Dr. Gokul Gokani has filed an affidavit on behalf of Yogesh Thakker. He says that even after years of Osho's death many questions were not answered and the mystery about the causes of death isstill there.
4. What happened on the day of death?
Abhay Vaidya, who wrote the book from 'Who Killed Osho' title on Osho's death, said, "On January 19, 1990, the call was given to Dr. Gokul Gokani from the Osho Ashram, and he was told to bring your letter head and emergency kit."
Dr. Gokul Gokani has written in his affidavit, "I reached there at two o'clock in the morning, his disciples said that Osho is sacrificing his body, save him but I have not been allowed to go to him. After living, I was given the information about his death and was told to issue death certificate. "
Dr. Gokul raises questions about the timing of Osho's death. The doctor has also claimed in his affidavit that Osho's disciples pressurized him to write a heart attack because of his death.
The death of a monk in the ashram of Osho was a custom to celebrate like a celebration. But when Osho killed himself, he was cremated within an hour of his announcement and his celebration of Nirvana was also kept brief.
Osho's mother also lived in her ashram Neelam, who was secretary of Osho, later said on the secrets related to his death in an interview that the information about Osho's death was also delayed by his mother. In this interview, Neelam had claimed that Osho's mother kept saying for long time that people killed her son.
5. Osho's Will
Yogesh Thakkar claims that the property of his ashram has thousands of crores of rupees and books and other things get almost 100 crores of royalties.
Osho International is in control of Osho's legacy. Osho International has argued that he has inherited the Osho legacy.
Yogesh Thakkar claims that Osho International is referring to the Will, which is fierce. However, his disbelief on charges related to Osho International is that his disciples do Amrit Sadhana. They confess these accusations are false.
6. Trade Mark on Osho
Osho International has taken a trade mark named Osho in Europe. This trade mark was challenged by another Osho Lotus Commune organization.
On October 11 last year, the General Court of European Union announced its decision in favor of Osho International.
On the issue of Osho International's controversy over the copyright and trade mark, he says that he conveys the views of Osho in pure form to their people, so they want to keep these rights with him.
But Osho himself had said that copyrighted items and things could be but not ideas.
This can be assumed about the importance of Osho, written on his memorial at Pune, "Neither born nor ever died. He came on Earth from December 11, 1931 to January 19, 1990".

India’s Agni-5

                                        India’s Agni-5

With the test of the Agni-5 missile, India has joined the list of those few countries which have inter-continental ballistic missiles.
The fire power of Agni -5 is more than five thousand kilometers.
Agni 5 missile length is 17.5 meters and it has cost about 2500 crore rupees. These missiles are capable of carrying 1.5 tons of weaponry inside China.
India's long range Agni-5 ballistic missile, seen as part of a 65th Republic Day parade in New Delhi on Jan. 26, 2013.
Agni-5 Actual Range
After being fully involved in the Army till 2014-15, the missile will increase India's nuclear hurdle several times. Agni missiles are an important part of India's resistance against nuclear attacks. The range of these missiles starts from 700 kilometers and now the fire has reached 5 thousand kilometers after the 5th.

It has been developed by Defense Research and Development Research (DRDO) only. DRDO chief VK Saraswat has said that in the countries like Britain, China, Russia and China, the intercontinental missiles are Agni 5 who have their collision with them.

He had also said in the recent Defense Expo in Delhi that the techniques used in Agni 5 are better than the techniques used in missiles of countries like USA. The techniques of Agni 5 include the overall Rocket Motor, Micro Navigation System (MINDS).

Agni-5 Missile Range
Agni was a two-stage range ballistic missile with a range of 3,500 km and now the third small stage has been added in Agni 5. Also the weight of fire 5 is also kept low. That is, its design is such that it can kill 1500 kilometers more distance from it.

DRDO scientists say that after successful launch of Agni 3 in 2010 and after the successful launch of Agni 4 in 2011, the same design has been developed for Agni 5. 60 percent of the two missiles, including the ecllorescometer, are identical.

Agni-5 Accuracy

Advanced Systems Laboratory Agni, operated by DRDO, has been playing an important role in the development of missiles. According to Avinash Chander, director of the institute, working on the third stage in the development of Agni 5 is a big technical challenge.
He said in October, "The third motor of the Agni 5 is the Konkanik Motor. So far, we had only worked on cylindrical motor. Work on the conical motor was difficult. "
Eye on China
Fire 5
Firepower - more than five thousand kilometers
Length -17.5 meters
Ability to carry 1.5 tons of weaponry inside China
Cost- About 2500 crores
Techniques- Composite Rocket Motor, Micro Navigation System (Minds)
Retired Brigadier Arun Sehgal, Joint Director of the Institute of National Security Studies, believes that Agni 5 will give India the shield against China that it has not yet.

India suffered a lot during the 1962 war against China. India has been claiming that China's growing nuclear capacity was a major reason why it had conducted five underground nuclear tests in May 1998.

Due to concerns over China's intercontinental ballistic missile and indoor ridge ballistic missile capability (IRBM), India increased the developed missile program in its own country so that it could develop long-range missile missiles.

Agni-5 and China

The strategist of India's military policy has been concerned about China's DF21 Indoormate Range Ballistic Missile and its other versions. The range of these missiles ranges from 1500 to 2250 kilometers. They have been deployed in Tibet, from where other cities of India including New Delhi can be targeted.

Indian indigenous range ballistic missiles include Agni 1, Agni 2 and Agni 3, whose range is 700-800 kilometers, 2000-2300 kilometers and more than 3500 kilometers respectively.

Under them, under the supervision of DRDO, Bharat Dynamics Limited prepares Hyderabad and operates them with the Strategic Forces Command (SFC).
 The indigenously developed Agni-5 missile taking off. Image courtesy: Twitter/@ppchaudharyMoS
The Strategic Forces Command was formed in 2003. It is the responsibility of management and administration of India's nuclear weapons. Apart from this, SFC is also part of India's Nuclear Command Athletic (NCA).
Agni-5 and Pakistan
Agni 1 missile can carry up to 1,000 kilograms of weapons up to a thousand kilograms. Agni 1 and Agni 2 have been prepared with nuclear arms-rich Pakistan in mind.

Agni-5 Nuclear Capable
But Agni-3 capable of carrying nuclear weapons was prepared in the wake of the Chinese army and the nuclear weapons in Tibet. Tibet is becoming more strategic for both China and India with a strategic vision.

Friday, 12 January 2018

Corporate Social Responsibility

Corporate Social Responsibility(CSR) is a corporate initiative to assess and take responsibility for company's effect on environment and impact on social welfare and to promote positive social & environmental change.

Corporate social responsibility (CSR, also called corporate consciencecorporate citizenship or responsible business) is a management concept whereby  companies integrate social and environmental concerns in their business  operations and interactions with their stakeholders. CSR is generally  understood as being the way through which a company achieves a balance of economic, environmental and social imperatives (Triple-Bottom-Line-  Approach), while at the same time addressing the expectations of  shareholders and stakeholders.

India is the first country in the world to make corporate social responsibility (CSR) mandatory, following an amendment to The Company Act, 2013 in April 2014. Businesses can invest their profits in areas such as education, poverty, gender equality, and hunger.

Today, obviously, organization's attachment to great Governance, Social and Environmental (ESG) act is normal and the message of good corporate citizenship has been adopted. Organizations can be sure there will be stakeholders – clients, employees, investors or media – checking they walk the talk.
"The ministry of corporate affairs (MCA) has notified Section 135 and Schedule VII of the Companies Act, 2013, which relate to corporate social responsibility (CSR) that will be effective from April 1, as part of the new Companies Act. The norms will apply to companies with at least Rs 5 crore net profit or Rs 1,000 crore turnover or Rs 500 crore net worth.

These companies will have to spend 2 per cent of their three-year average annual net profit on CSR activities in each financial year."

CSR is no longer about just caring for global warming. It is rather a broader concept of a business's overall impact on local communities in culture. Instead a company's performance is judged in the widest way possible showing how strategic objectives and material topics actually support the long-term creation of value for the business and society at large.

While aiming to earn more & more profit, organizations should also focus on how and from where it is earned. This requires the mindset for many employees in the organization to move away from thinking and acting in quarterly reporting cycles towards long term investments by taking account of their company's impact on future generation.
                                                                    ---Rimjhim Priyadarshini


Friday, 29 December 2017

Contract Drafting and Resolving Commercial Disputes In India

Crafting a contract with accurate evidence requires an excellent drafter to integrate comprehensive writing, appropriate terms of business deals and relevant legal concepts to promote unambiguous contracts. A critically drafted and reviewed contract does not only save substantial manpower and hours of labour but the effort in the growth of corporate and the viability of the commercial contracts.

What is Commercial Contract?

A Commercial contract is a legally binding agreement between parties in which they are obligated to do or restrain from doing particular things. Commercial contracts can be written, verbal or implied in a formal or informal manner. Commercial contract can include all aspects of a business, such as hiring, wages, leases, loans and employee safety. A breach of commercial contract takes place when a contracting party fails to live up to the agreements.

Commercial Disputes

The term “Commercial Dispute” has been very broadly defined in the Act to encompass almost every kind of transaction that gives rise to a commercial relationship. The subject matter of disputes is very wide including but not limited to issues relating to maritime law, construction and infrastructure contracts, ordinary commercial transactions, intellectual property rights disputes, disputes involving exploitation of natural resources, insurance and re-insurance disputes. Such Commercial Disputes shall now be adjudicated upon by these Commercial Courts/Divisions.

Current market challenges at the centre of commercial disputes in India

In India, delay in cases caused due to litigation and the inadequate number of judges. Although India has an excellent court of system and also independent of its executives, there are infrastructural inadequacies and shortage of judges. This comes delay in resolving disputes. Any commercial dispute ought to be disposed of as early as possible. Because of the delays, default in payment have also increased, so defaulters stand to benefit.

Arbitration facilities and processes in India

Arbitration facilities are insufficient. Despite this, there are some excellent retired judges who are doing a commendable job. There are a few institutionalized forums of repute which carry out arbitration. Recently enterprises have been made in different parts of India to provide more institutionalized arbitration, and several such forums have jumped up.

Obstacles or challenges to the Indian arbitration process that companies should bear in mind

Nature of judgments relies upon the identity of judges. This is considerably more applicable on account of discretion. Organizations ought to pick the arbitrator wisely. Frequently, arbitrators who are badly outfitted to manage the many-sided quality of the case are picked, bringing about tremendous defers settling debate. The mastery and ability of the authority to manage the particular issues which emerge must be weighed before appointing as arbitrator. It is always advisable to fix a lump sum arbitral fee, to ensure early disposal of cases, as the arbitral fee fixed on the basis of date of hearing often results in prolonging the process.

Why companies should implement an effective dispute resolution strategy to deal with conflict taking in the pros and cons of in-court versus out-of-court methods?

Resolving disputes through the court can delay recovery, end a business relationship, and lead to depreciation in respect to money claims. Court action also wastes the precious time, resources, and money of the company fighting the litigation. Out of court settlements result in faster dispute resolution, a continued business relationship, and quicker receipt payments in respect of money claims. Out of court settlement means a reduced expenditure of time, resources and money, which a business can better utilise elsewhere. Out of court settlements should be the preferred route. Litigation should be the last resort.

What are the circumstances in which Courts may interfere in arbitral proceedings?

The principle objective of the Act was to minimise court intervention. Owing to several rulings of the Apex Court, that objective has been lost. Indian courts must now take on an arbitrating role even in constituting the committee. If jurisdictional issues should arise such as whether a dispute is covered by the arbitration stipulation  until such issues are decided, the committee cannot be constituted. It is also difficult to have awards passed in a non-notified, non-convention country executed in India because such awards are not recognised by the Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996. In such cases the parties might have to file a suit before an Indian Court and based on such an award obtain a judgement from Indian Courts for enforcement, or such non-convention awards may be enforced as domestic awards, as per reasoning in [(2002) 4 SCC 105].

What clauses should Indian companies insert into their commercial contracts to manage potential disputes down the line?
As a broad statement, three areas must be addressed: first, choice of law/governing law; second, dispute resolution, including seat of arbitration if arbitration is agreed; and third, jurisdiction for enforcement purposes. While the natural preference for Indian companies is to apply Indian law as the governing law, it is not uncommon for Indian corporate to agree on English law as the governing law.

                                                                           ----Rimjhim Priyadarshini


Saturday, 16 December 2017

HRD Officer Loses Life for Raising Voice against Corruption in Centre

New Delhi: It cost dearly for a senior officer to raise voice over many scandals and irregularities regarding contracts and constructions in the Central Government. The missing officer’s body was finally recovered on the Palam Vihar railway line on Thursday. Indian Civil Accounts Services officer,  Jitendra Jha was missing from Dwarka area of Delhi. The family feared the abduction. At this time he was posted in the Human Resources Ministry. He was also training in the Indian Institute of Public Administration. The family has alleged that in the ministries deployed in the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting and earlier, they opened a poll of several irregularities during the audit.

Many were Enemies-Wife
Police claimed to have recovered a suicide note from Jitendra Jha's body. The police are on the forefront of suicides as a case of suicide. However, the way the family is accusing, the case looks very faintly. It is also feared that the body was put to death on the railway line by killing the officer. Wife says that Jitendra was known for his honesty. He said that many people have become enemies due to vocal voices in corruption in their department, who tried to make pressure in different ways. So there can be a case of murder. The police said that every angle is being investigated.

Frequent Transfers for Raising Voice
Jitendra was earlier in the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting. There he talked about corruption in contracts and other things. During the audit, the clutches of scandal were opened and the senior officers went into a rage. On which he was transferred to the Human Resources Ministry. Wife says that due to honesty, Jitendra was being transferred every five to six months. He was utterly upset with the apathetic behaviour of the system and frequent transfers.

Suspicious Circumstances
From the Dwarka area of the capital, an officer of the Indian Civil Accounts Services of the Indian Government suddenly disappeared on Monday morning in suspicious circumstances. Officials of Jitendra Kumar Jha, who had left for a walk from his house on Monday morning, did not return home after that. During that time his mobile was also at home. He is posted in the HRD Ministry and was also training from the Indian Institute of Public Administration these days. He came out of the Society at around 9.30 in CCTV. But after that, where did he go, it was not known to anyone. At present, the police has sent his dead body to post-mortem.

DCP Dwarka Shibesh Singh said that a suicide note was found near the corpse. In the initial investigation, the police say that this case is being seen as suicide. But the police is conducting a thorough investigation of this case and suicide note. Police say that every angle of the case will be examined.

The deceased Jitendra Kumar Jha was the officer of Indian Civil News Services. He had suddenly disappeared at around 10 am on Monday morning. On that day, Jitendra went out of his house for a walk. At that time his mobile was also at home, but since then he did not return home. According to his wife, he came out of the house at around 9.30 in the morning on Monday. After a long time, when no one came to know about it, the missing information was lodged in the police station at night.

Demand for a CBI Probe

The family of the deceased has demanded a CBI inquiry of the alleged murder. Mr. Lalita Narayan Jha, the patriarch of Mithila Mirror has
lent his support to the demand of the family and vigorously campaigned in the social media for the deceased. The Hashtag "Justice of Jitendra is gaining ground and getting tremendous response from the online community. Mr. Lalit has been a front face in the previous cases also Nancy Jha and Pradumn Thakur murder case.

Friday, 15 December 2017

Mithila Mirror Raises Strong Voice for Jitendra Jha

Delhi: A senior Indian Civil Account s Services officer Mr. Jitendra Jha has been traceless since 11th December. A resident of Supaul district of Bihar, Mr. Jitendra is known as an officer of velour and courage.

Mr. Jha had gone to stroll from his Shivali Apartment located in Dwarka, New Delhi on Monday, but when he did not return to his house at the scheduled time, his family members got panic.  Mrs. Bhavna Jha, wife of the officer lodged an F.I.R in this regard with the Dwarka Police Station.
However, on Thursday, Police recovered a mutilated body at a place which is equidistant from both Palam Railway Station & Delhi Cantt. The Police claim that the body is that of Mr. Jha. A suicide note has also been recovered from the place.

The wife and other family members have though refused to claim the body saying it does not bear any semblance with the traceless officer. The body did not have any clothes and they have not received any suicide note.

A senior police officer, when contacted, has reasserted that it is a clear cut example of suicide as the suicide note unequivocally suggests. But, the officer also said that if the need arises, we will not hesitate to do a DNA test on the body to clear any ambiguity.
Image result for Jitendra jha IAS
The family members however repeatedly say that their Jitendra is not someone who can take his own life. He is known for his steely determination, courage and commitment for his job. The 40 year old Mr. Jha is employed with Human Resourced Development Ministry, Government of India. The family sources say that Mr. Jha has been transferred 6 times in the span of 4 years and that he also met with the Union Home Minister to make a complaint regarding his frequent transfers. Known for his dauntless attitude and dashing personality, Mr. Jha, is also a well- known RTI activist and always remains in the limelight.

Vigorous campaign has been launched on the social media for the Justice to Jitendra. Mr. Lalit Narayan Jha, the Editor of Mithila Mirror and Journalist has made an emotional appeal to the Maithil Community, Students’ Organizations and all those whose hearts have come out knowing about this incident. Importantly, before this incident, the patriarch of Mithila Mirror had also raised his Vociferous Voice in the cases like Nancy Jha Murder, Pradyumn Thakur murder and the likes.