Thursday, 26 January 2017

Dengue in Childhood can Increase Early Heart Attack Risk

The new research revealed that people who have suffered from dengue and other infectious diseases during childhood and get cured are at more risk of early heart attack. This risk is going to increase more due to unhealthy lifestyle during adulthood and it will grow with the increase in time. Apart from dengue, other infectious diseases that increase the cause for heart attack are measles, typhoid fever, bronchitis and chicken pox. According to researchers these diseases might badly damage a person's vascular system. This result in atherosclerosis or the hardening of the arteries and it would cause early heart attack.
Study of Early Heart Attacks

The study begins at European Society of Cardiology where Dr. Andriany Qanitha from the Academic Medical Center in Amsterdam, the Netherlands informed about case-control study based on population in Makassar, Indonesia. The participants who took part in this survey, most of them were male Indonesians whose average age was 47 years old. For this research, several people who were suffering from fever or more than three days, or hospitalization because of an infection were inspected. First they divide the study into two groups. In first group, they comprised 153 patients who have had a history of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) before turning 56 years old. However, in second group they comprised another 153 patients with no history of the disease.  After this, they surveyed each group and interviewed about infections of family members. Participants were asked about them and their family member’s infections they suffered during early stages of life, such as infancy, pre-school, and elementary school to junior high school and senior high school. From this information, researchers calculated an infection score from 0 to 4 and found 2 as the indicator for positive infection during early life.


Impact of Research

Researchers collected the data from from participants such as gender, age, educational level, monthly income, occupation, physical activity and dietary pattern to assess risk factors for cardiovascular diseases (CVD). In this data participants' family history of CVD also includes diabetes, hypertension and smoking habits. They come across with the result that the risk of early heart attack elevated with increasing CVD risk factors. However, the limitation of this study was that the participants were all from Indonesia, and that living conditions in other countries are different. But still it can be applied on other countries in Southeast Asia where the disease is prevalent.

Preventions for Heart Attacks

If we talk about number of heart attacks, it is increasing day by day. In the United States, 610,000 people die every year because of heart attacks. The reasons for heart disease in this country are due to diabetes, poor diet, smoking habits, alcohol abuse, high cholesterol and high blood pressure. In this matter, health officials advice that the best way to prevent heart attack and other CDVs are living a healthy lifestyle which means  eating a healthy diet, exercising, limiting alcohol use, and avoiding smoking. A person should also consult with doctor for any further concerns about their health.
                     ----Sheetal Gaur



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