Sunday, 29 January 2017

Dussehra : A Festival Celetrated For Victory Of Good Over Evils

India is a land of, “UNITY IN DIVERSITY”. We have a very diverse culture and tradition across the nation. Numerous festivals are being celebrated all over the nation.
Festivals play a significant role in developing the unity and integrity of the nation. 
Vijayadashmi, also known as Dussehra is one of the most important Hindu festivals. It falls in the month of September-October as Navratra begins with Pratipada of Ashwin Shukla Paksha and concludes with Navami and Vijayadashmi is celebrated on the following day, according to Hindi calendar. This festival is celebrated not only in India but also in Nepal, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. The name Dussehra is derived from Sanskrit word Dasha-hara literally means Dashanan ravan and Hara (defeat)) referring to Lord Rama's  victory over the ten-headed demon king Ravana. 

some other beliefs are also associated with this festival as it also marks the end of Agyatvas of Pandavas and the victory of Goddess Durga over demon Mahishasur. 
But, in general perception it is the festival that celebrates the victory of good over evils. 
People celebrate the festival in different ways. 
It is celebrated at the end of Navratri. Throughout Navratri, Ramleela is organised in many parts of the country and people enjoy the enactment of the play based on Ramayana.  

On the day of Dussehra huge effigies of Ravana, Kumbhkaran and Meghnad are burned. Huge gatherings can be witnessed during the ceremony.
It represents the end of ten bad qualities, which are represented by 10 heads of Ravana as follows:

1. Kama vasana (Lust)
2. Krodha (Anger)
3. Moha (Attraction )
4. Lobha (Greed)
5. Mada (Over Pride)
6. Matsara (Jealousy)
7. Swartha (Selfishness)
8. Anyaaya (Injustice)
9. Amanavata (Cruelty)
10. Ahankara (Ego).

In West Bengal Dussehra is celebrated as Durga Puja. Deities of the goddess Durga are worshipped for five days, and on the fifth day (Vijaya Dashami) immersed in a river or pond. This is referred as Durga Bisarjan. In Jharkhand, Bengal, Assam and Odisha, the goddess Kali, an appellation of Durga, is also worshipped as a symbol of Shakti (Power).
The festival depicts that no matter how strong the evil is in the end it is good that overpowers the bad.

                                                                          -----Adarsh Ranjan Jha


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