Friday, 7 April 2017

Controlling Type 2 Diabetes

 If diabetes is not controlled at early stage, it may give rise to a number of health complications. In order to understand this phenomenon, let us assume your body as your house and diabetes a spark that has caught one of your valuable belongings, say your bed, almirah, book shelf, etc.
If you do not put out it the moment you see the spark, it may take a form of fire and you will have to experience more damage. It is always unwise to dig a well when your house is on fire. In essence, the sooner you get aware of the menace of this disease, the more will be the possibility to safeguard your body.


Given below are some of the diseases arising out of Diabetes:

Cardio-vascular Diseases: Cardio-vascular Diseases are the diseases or disorders that result due to damage to the blood vessels and heart. Those who are diagnosed with diabetes, tend to be 5 times more prone to get these diseases. When the sugar in the blood increases, blood vessels start getting narrow and that may result into stroke and heart attack.
Kidney Diseases: Diabetes increases blood sugar level. This elevated blood sugar makes the work of kidneys tough as they have to filter too much blood because of increased blood sugar level. After some years, they start to get damaged leading to kidney diseases. Usually, in 15 to 20 years, a diabetic develops kidney diseases. Kidney failure may also occur in the advance stage.

Infections: It is rightly said that infections and diabetes go hand in hand. High blood sugar level weakens the immune system of a diabetic and that gives rise to infections. The infections that a person diagnosed with diabetes has to face include foot infections, yeast infections and urinary tract infections. Reduced blood flow to the organ of the body, that is far from heart, like foot, also increases the risk of infections.
Eye Diseases: The veins of the retina of the persons diagnosed with diabetes become narrow, giving rise to a number of retinal diseases, like Cataracts, Retinopathy and Glaucoma. The balance of fluid in the lens of the eyes gets disturbed owing to the frequently changing blood sugar level. It gives rise to other less known health complications, like double vision, blurred vision or partial blindness.

Diabetic Neuropathy: The medical term neuropathy means nerve damage. If blood glucose is not under control (in case of diabetics), the nerves of the body get severely damaged, giving rise to diabetic neuropathy. It is the health complication that is diagnosed when the nerves become unable to send messages to the brain and other parts of the body. Nerve damage is characterised by tingling, burning or stabbing-like pain in the hands, feet or other parts of the body. Loss of feeling may also occur in the foot, making your injury at this part of your body go unnoticed.
The organs that are most affected by this disease are the legs. Even the big injury on foot goes unnoticed due to the numbness that is caused in feet. If the injury is not examined and treated early, amputation (surgical removal of the foot) may become inevitable to prevent the infection to spread in other parts of the body.
Dental Problems: The diabetics are more likely to develop periodontal disease, a disease that is characterised by the inflammation of tissues that surround and support the teeth. This disease ranges from simple gum inflammation to serious disease. Diabetics do not get adequate blood supply in their gums and that result into gum diseases including periodontal disease.
It is important here to know that the above-mentioned health complications include, but not limited to the health complications arising out of diabetes.
Remedy:
The panacea of these health-related problems lies in the early diagnosis of diabetes and its proper treatment. Reversing Diabetes is very much possible nowadays and hence the diabetics can reap immense health benefits out of the treatment available.
                                                                          ----Ashish Jha



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