Friday, 4 August 2017

The Indo-China Stand off

In the past, about 50 soldiers of the People's Liberation Army of China came violating the Line of Actual Control (LAC) in Uttarakhand, one km away in the Indian territory, which were soon stopped by the Indo-Tibetan Border Police.

China is exploring new opportunities to incite India, which will create a war-like situation between the two countries. China wants to tarnish the image of India at the international level too. India and China are two major nations of Asia, whose population is approximately 2.7 billion and both nations have nuclear weapons. If there is a war between these Asian giants, then surely destruction will be at wide scale, and it will have negative impact on the economies of both the countries.

If the opinions expressed by the strategic experts are to be believed, China will not fight with India, the stand-out will remain like this and this is just the political rhetoric of China, which is being used to make pressure on India. China wants to maintain its global dominance in domestic politics, so it will not spoil its international image. On the other hand, India will not take the initiative of war on its own, nor will it come under pressure from China to call its troops back. Nonetheless, India and China will have to find a diplomatic solution only after meeting together and talking.

After the fifty years, the stalemate that has arisen between India and China, has increased due to which the tension is increasing between the two. Doklam Plateau belongs to Bhutan's sovereignty territory. This is a geo strategic Tri-Pact area, where India, Bhutan and China meet the boundaries of the three countries.

China wants to make a road in this geo-strategic area, so that it can increase its influence in this area. From India's geo-strategic security point of view, China's presence in this region may threaten its sovereignty in future. Siliguri-Galiara, popularly known as Chicken-neck, is only 21 km from here, which works as a lifeline for the northeast states. It is very important for India to keep this area safe from Chinese influence.

There are close links between India and Bhutan. When Bhutan urged India for assistance, not delaying a moment, India sent its army troops to the security of the Dokalm region. On one hand, this military action of India strengthened the security of the geo-strategic interests of the two countries, but on the other hand, there was a stalemate between India and China, and soldiers of both the countries. Each other side are positioned face-to-face. If its diplomatic solution was not settled in time, then the conditions that are happening, it seems, that war may even broke out  between India and China.

The interesting thing is that the Doklam dispute is a matter between Bhutan and China, not between India and China but India is taking part in this controversy from Bhutan, being sensitive to its security point of view. Also, India says that the border line between India and China is at Butang-La, while China believes that this borderline is on Mount Gimpochi, which is three miles south of it. If China is right, then it will get access to the Dokalm Plateau. Consequently, the Chinese army can easily capture the chicken-neck area.

On this whole issue, many statements came from both sides of India and China. Colonel Wu Kian, spokesman of the Chinese Ministry of Defense has said, "It is easy to mobilize the mountain rather than move the People's Liberation Army."
China wants to remind India that according to India's logic, at the request of the Pakistan government in future, the third country's army can enter the disputed region of India and Pakistan. On the other hand, Indian Army Chief General Bipin Rawat also acknowledged the possibility of India-China war, saying that the Indian Army is fully prepared for the two-and-a-half war war.

India's Foreign Minister Sushma Swaraj says that China's unilateral action in the Doklam Plateau poses threat to India's border security, and safeguarding it is a matter of national honor for India. As a result, both the countries are completely unaffected by their national interests and no nation wants to retreat. If both nations remain on such a similar situation, then the chances of war will increase. And both countries will pay a heavy price.
                                                                                                    ---Ashish Jha

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