Thursday, 14 September 2017

Developmental Stages

                                                      Developmental stages
The process of child development continues through life, even then psychologists have tried to divide children's stages as follows:
(A) According to Ross: -
(1) Infancy for 1 to 3 years
(2) Pre-childhood 3 to 6 years
(3) Answer: Childhood 6 to 12 years
(4) Adolescence from 12 to 18 years

(B) According to Jones: -
(1) From infancy to age 5 years
(2) Childhood 5 years to 12 years of age
(3) Teen age 12 years to 18 years of age


(C) According to Haralok: -
(1) pregnancy from birth to birth
(2) Newborn stage from birth to 14 days
(3) From infancy 14 days to 2 years of age
(4) Childhood from 2 years to 11 years of age
(5) Teen age 11 years to 21 years of age

(D) General classification: - Now most of the scholars consider the general classification as follows: -

(1) From infancy to age 6 years
(2) Childhood 6 years to 12 years of age
(3) Teen age 12 years to 18 years of age
            
Stages of development: Human development passes through different stages; They can be divided into the following stages:
Pregnancy: This stage is assumed from conception to the point of birth, 9 months or 280 days -
Infant condition: After the birth of Balaka, the state of childhood is called. This condition is considered to be 5-6 years old. The spread of this condition is spread to two years from birth. Physical response of the child such as hunger, absence of excess heat, vibrations of more cold, sensation of pain and depression arises in the child towards glow and noise. Focusing on child objects in the 2 month age Seems to be In the next 4 months, it is possible to catch the objects and to express the speed of the momentum. The condition of birth from fifth to fifth year is called infancy. This condition is also called the state of adjusting. This is the state when the child comes in helpless situations with many basic tendencies, needs and powers in this world, depending on others.

Features

Infant is physically and mentally immature
The speed of development is intense in this stage.
The composition and shapes of all the organs of the body are formed.
The changes that occur in this condition are primarily physical.
In this stage the child is immature and he is completely dependent on others.
This state is momentarily momentous and almost all major moments such as happiness, anger, joy, love, hatred, etc. develop within the children.
Freud called this stage the child's time of production. He believed that 'whatever the human being has to make, it is made in the first five years.
Crow and Crowe called the "century of the twentieth century" of the twentieth century.

Adler wrote, "Only a few months after the birth of a child can it be determined that what is his place in life"
Strang wrote that "in the first two years of life, the child makes the foundation of his life life"

Childhood: Childhood comes after infancy, which is known as childhood for a period of 6 to 12 years. It is also called pre-teens. It is said to be the golden time of human life. Freud believes that Balaka's development takes place till the age of 5. Boyer, Jones and Simpson have written, "Childhood is a state in which the basic view of the person, value and Ideals build up to a great extent ". Coal and bus have called childhood a unique period of life. This condition is important from the point of view of physical and mental development.

Features:
Children have a very curious tendency, they have strong desire to know.
Children develop a tendency to ask questions.
The greatest development of socialism is
At this stage children have strong desire to make friends
'Gregariousness' is developed in children
The educators have called this state the age of elementary school.
While psychologists have called this period 'age of group'
This period has been given the term of dirty age and agility, mis-maturity
There is stability in physical and mental development in this period.
The tendency of excursion, the interest in creative work, the tendency of simulating, the increase in mental abilities, the tendency of accumulation, the self-reliance, the strength of the collective tendency, the extroverted personality, the special interest in the collective games, the latent short tendency, the relation, the relation with the real world, etc. Attributes happen in this period.

Physical development in childhood


Weight- The burden of the child at birth is between 5 to 8 pounds, in this stage, by the end of 12 years, the load of the child is between 80 to 95 pounds, often the weight of the girls is high.
Height - The length of the baby at birth is up to 20 inches; Studies have shown that the height of 2-3 inches increases per year.
Teeth- At the age of 6, the teeth of milk start falling and new teeth come out in their place.

General health - Dynamics due to agility and vitality in this state

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